How the Victorian Era Inspired some Modern Interior Designs Trends
Background to the Victoria Era
The Victorian Era 1837-1901 was an illustrious time that started a housing boom. During the beginning of this
Caption: Large bay windowed houses were built for the rich.
Interior Design Inspiration from the Victoria Period
For a classic Victorian
The name ‘encaustic’ means that the pattern is baked on in a kiln.
Image Credit: https://www.boniti.com/encaustic-tiles/
From a decoration point of view, Victorian interiors were often quite full of character. It’s hard to attribute specific styles as the era combined many earlier styles in greater diversity.
Travels to Japan and India inspired exotic elements, the Arts & Crafts Movement led by designers including William Morris based on medieval architecture, brought pattern and print to the fore.
Fabrics and furniture began to be mass produced which made them more affordable. The middle-classes became more interested in the interiors of their homes, which they saw as a reflection of their status. A bare room was considered to show a lack of taste, so Victorian interiors appeared to be cluttered. The types of fabric used were heavy silk damask (reversible figured fabric formed by weaving) or velvet, these were mainly used for curtains. Floral patterns on either toile (a type of decorating pattern consisting of a white or off-white background on which a repeated pattern depicting a fairly complex scene) or chintz (printed multicoloured cotton fabric with a glazed finish) were used for cushions or seat covers. The Victorians were huge fans of patterns and often featured multiple within a room.
Different types of fabric used, heavy silk damask, toile and chintz.
Wallpaper became mass produced in the 1840’s which led to a surge in part-wallpapered walls. The method for this was papering between the skirting board and the dado rail. William Morris style wallpapers featured large animals, birds or floral prints on water-silk paper. An alternative Victorian method includes plain, flat-painted walls for a simple interior.
© Victoria and Albert Museum, London
In regards to the floor either parquet flooring or mid-toned polished
Victorian Interior Mouldings
Dado rails became popular during the middle of the 19th century particularly in heavy use areas like hallways and dining rooms, this was to protect the walls from people passing through and chair-backs, in fact, originally they were called ‘chair rails’. The height of dado rails was derived from the height of a pedestal or a classical column which was around 24 inches from the floor, this later got extended to approximately 36 inches to accommodate the idea of protecting the walls from chair backs.
As mentioned previously more often than not each
in Victorian houses tended to be tall, to keep
Popular colours for the period were deep reds and purples,
Victorian Interior Design Example
A good example of a traditional Victorian home is in Chelsea, London, lived in by Thomas and Jane Carlyle who rented it for £35 a year from 1834. He was an influential social commentator and historian who helped shaped the way Victorian’s thought about themselves. The house has been preserved by the National Trust and features authentic touches that can offer inspiration to anyone renovating their own Victorian house.
If you’re looking for interior mouldings which have been designed based on the Victorian period check out the following:
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